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Bastian, Adolf (1826-1905)

Even mixed with love and respect, its presence as a value internalized by women sets the stage for exploitation. The number of healthy relationships that emerge are minuscule. The damage is almost universal, and it is absolutely identical, whether the relationships take place within imported Eastern disciplines or Western psychotherapy. There's the same difference in power, the built-in admiration for the symbolic father, and the inability to displease him or see that he is damaging her. With this, the sexual exploitation is tantamount to incest, and the repercussions for the victim can be as devastating.

Correspondences of Psychology , presented by Alchemylab. Pavlov's Classical Conditioning Experiments with dogs Revealing the concept of classical conditioning Ivan Pavlov Russian physiologist, Nobel Prize winner, Published in 2.

Der Buddhismus in seiner Psychologie

The Asch Conformity Experiments 15 Revealing two thirds of conformity levels to which people follow or rebel one third against social norms. Harlow's Rhesus Monkey Experiments Revealing the science of love and the nature of affection, demonstrating devastating effects of deprivation on young rhesus monkeys in an unethical and shockingly cruel way, outlining the importance of love for healthy childhood development. Harry Harlow US American psychologist, known for his maternal-separation and social isolation experiments on rhesus monkeys University of Wisconsin-Madison during the s 4.

The Milgram Obedience Experiment Participants delivered electrical shocks by order to a fake "learner" after an incorrect answers were given. The Stanford Prison Experiment 16 Simulation experiment with students in the roles of prisoners and prison guards. The experiment was to last for two weeks.

After six days it was halted due to abusiveness of guard testees who put prisoner testees under extreme stress and anxiety.

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Stanford Marshmallow Experiment 17 Revealing deferred gratification In over children a minority ate the marshmallow immediately. One third deferred gratification long enough to get the second marshmallow. Walter Mischel US American professor of psychology specializing in personality theory and social psychology Columbia University in 7. Skinner 's behaviorism. The animals reverted to stoical utter helplessness.

Halo effect Mystery of the human mind 2. Cognitive dissonance Humans lying to themselves 3. Robbers cave experiment by Mazaer Sherif War, peace and the role of power 4. Stanford prison experiment 20 Dark hearts 5. Obedience experiment by Stanley Milgram Following orders 6. False consensus bias Reasons why humans stink as intuitive psychologists 7.

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Social identity theory Reasons why groups and prejudices form so easily 8. Don't threaten Avoiding bad bargains 9. Bystander apathy Reasons why humans don't help others Cognitive dissonance is a human condition of the disparity between external cues and internally held beliefs mainly defined in the mental field.

Cognitive dissonance is "a state of psychic tension caused by the simultaneous holding of mutually inconsistent attitudes or the existence of a lack of consonance between attitudes and behavior" Sears et. Cognitive dissonance and self-justification when faced with one's errors and fallible nature Chapter Chapter heading Legend 1 Cognitive dissonance 21 The engine of self-justification Holding contradictions creates anxiety.

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Though momentarily painful, it is beneficial to admit "I was wrong. Because thinking is hard. September 1. We don't see everything.

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Our search for meaning can conjure illusions. Quick decisions can be seriously flawed. Our memory reinforces errors. Science suggests we're hardwired to delude ourselves. Being in a state of dissonance is as unsettling, and as motivating, as hunger, and, like hunger, we seek to reduce the discomfort. The smoker will either have to quit — or justify smoking. Interview with Carol Tavris, Ph.

Paradigm shifts are painful. It is painful, for example, to overcome loss aversion or leave behind just world thinking. It is very hard for people who believe themselves to be good people and that includes just about everybody to accept that they have harmed themselves and others, even unintentionally.


Both shame and humiliation are thorny issues; many choose self-justification instead of admitting to change. Traditional elites who feel entitled to supremacy resent being labeled oppressors, violently repressing shame when they lose superiority, while underlings are caught between self-disparaging shame and angry projections. Evelin Gerda Lindner, Ph.

Ego is like a thin sheath of atmosphere between the earth of self and the infinite space of not-self, holding one in and the other out. We live out our lives in this narrow band, never digging too far down or testing our upper limits. This is where our emotional energy is spent, pumped into this gap between two incompatible surfaces, keeping them from grinding against each other and jolting us out of our slumber. That grinding, when it does occur, is spiritual dissonance.

Von der Unwissenheit zur Weisheit - Jack Kornfield

The egoic wall has no independent reality. When we stop pumping energy into it, it starts dissolving. That's what ego is, a segregated state, and that's the use to which we put our emotional energy. The egoic shell in which we dwell is of our own making, like a force field that requires a constant source of emotional energy. When they are presented with evidence that works against that belief, the new evidence cannot be accepted. It would create a feeling that is extremely uncomfortable, called cognitive dissonance.

And because it is so important to protect the core belief, they will rationalize, ignore and even deny anything that doesn't fit in with the core belief. The American mind simply has not come to a realization of the evil which has been introduced into our midst. It rejects even the assumption that human creatures could espouse a philosophy which must ultimately destroy all that is good and decent. In the presence of the correct information, such people react very differently than the merely uninformed. Instead of changing their minds to reflect the correct information, they can entrench themselves even deeper.

Brendan Nyhan, Ph. July Misinformed people, particularly political partisans, when exposed to corrected facts in news stories, rarely change their minds. Often they become even more strongly set in their beliefs. Not curing misinformation, facts can actually make the belief in misinformation even stronger.

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Affect heuristic Anchoring bias Confirmation bias 2. Observer-expectancy effect Bandwagon effect Bias blind spots 3. Choice-supportive bias Clustering illusion Conservatism bias 4. Conformity Curse of knowledge Decoy effect 5. Denomination effect Duration neglect Availability heuristic 6. Empathy gap Frequency illusion Fundamental attribution error 7. Galatea effect Halo effect Hard-Easy bias 8.

Herding Hindsight bias Hyperbolic discounting 9. Ideometer effect Illusion of control Information bias Inter-group bias Irrational escalation Negativity bias Omission bias Ostrich effect Outcome bias Overconfidence Overoptimism Pessimism bias Placebo effect Planning fallacy Post-purchase rationalization Priming Pro-innovation bias Procrastination Reactance Recency Reciprocity Regression bias Restraint bias Salience Scope insensitivity Seersucker illusion Selective perception Self-enhancing transmission bias Status quo bias Stereotyping Survivorship bias Tragedy of the commons Unit bias Autonomy in a Mass Age in One third of the people deported to the camps died during the transport — out of fear to starve.

The other third died in the camp when food was short, life was hard-hard, and trust was low. The last third had a chance to survive as they kept trusting in an inviolable instance within themselves. Three kinds of reaction patterns when faced with traumatic conditions Tripartition "Bread and games" metaphor Reaction Behavior Exemplified by death camp survivors 1st third Without BREAD they are incapable to! They cannot.